Jun, 2020


University of Zakho

Jul, 2012


University of Duhok

May, 2021
Assistant Lecturer
Jun, 2022 - Current
Kurdistan Biology Syndicate



Publication Journal
Oct, 2021
The Prevalence of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Strains among Outpatients with Urinary Tract Infection in Zakho Hospitals-Zakho City, Duhok Province/Iraq

Al-Qadisiyah Journal Of Pure Science (Issue: 5) (Volume: 26)

This study involved the prevalence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) among outpatients of UTI attending three major hospitals in Zakho city. Four hundred urine samples were collected from patients of UTI of both sexes and different ages (≤ 1 year to over 50 years), during the period from July 2018 until January 2019. All urine samples were analyzed by conventional bacteriological method for the presence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), while molecular method was used for the presence of species-specific uidA gene in the isolated E. coli. Out of 400 samples, 141 (35.25%) were infected with UPEC from enrolled patients. The rate was higher in females than males (90.78% vs 9.22%), respectively. In both sexes, the age group 41-50 years in both sexes showed the highest rate (46.67%) of infection, and statistically this rate of infection was significant (p< 0.013) among both sexes and various age groups. Furthermore, in all ages, married patients showed slightly higher prevalence than un-married one (38% vs 32.5%), but this difference was statistically non-significant (p>0.05%). The rate of UTI was higher among urban inhabitants (40.56%) than others. During the months of the year, the peak (90.48%) in both sexes was during December while the lowest rates (13.64%) was during January.

Apr, 2020
Molecular Characterization of Some Virulence Genes and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern among Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Isolated from Patient in Zakho City/Iraq

ZANCOJournal of Pure and Applied Sciences (Issue: 2) (Volume: 32)

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli(UPEC) is one of the most causative agents which causing urinary tract infections (UTIs) in humans. This study involved the prevalence of the virulence genes among UPEC isolated from patients in various hospitals in Zakho city from July 2018 until January 2019 and their susceptibility to different commonly used antimicrobial agent against UPEC. The different culture media were used for the identification of Escherichia coli(E. coli). Out of 400 samples, 141 (35.25%) strains of UPEC were isolated from enrolled patients. The antibiotic susceptibility toward different antibiotics was varied among the isolates. Imipenem was the most potent antibiotic with a resistant rate of only 2.84%. While the isolates were resistant to most screened antibiotics, with the highest rate 96.45%to Amoxicillin/ clavulanic. The resistant rates decreased toward other antibiotics at rates varied from 93.62% for Amoxicillin to 43.97% for Norfloxacin. Fifty-seven isolates were selected for PCR analysis, according to the resistance of E.coli to various antibiotics. The selected samples were successfully amplified for E. coli identification by producing a single band of a target uidA gene. In this study, the virulence related genes were detected in only 35 (61.40%) isolates out of 57 isolates. The distribution of the virulence related genes that included; afa, sfa, hly, cnf and pai were 28.07%, 17.54%, 26.32%, 22.81% and 22.81%, respectively. The study highlight that multidrug resistance UPEC harbors multiple virulence genes circulating in this setting.